SEC investigated NBA High Shot developer Dapper Labs, determined to shut case in September

Dapper Labs, one of many premier non-fungible token corporations whose merchandise embrace NBA High Shot and CryptoKitties, was beneath investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission till September, based on an inner company doc obtained by Fortune.

In what the SEC calls a “Case Closing Report,” David Hirsch, the regulator’s crypto and cyber unit chief, terminated an investigation titled “Dapper Labs, Inc.” on Sept. 29. The one-page report didn’t embrace why the company was investigating Dapper Labs, when the investigation started, or why the SEC determined to shut it.

The company didn’t launch to Fortune a five-page set of suggestions related to the report. “The SEC does not comment on the existence or nonexistence of a possible investigation,” mentioned a spokesperson.

The regulator’s determination in late September to shut its investigation into Dapper Labs, which has raised over $600 million since its first funding spherical in 2018, based on Crunchbase, follows SEC settlements first with Impact Theory in August after which Stoner Cats in mid-September. In what have been the SEC’s first ever salvos towards the NFT trade, the company argued that each NFT tasks provided and bought unregistered securities and due to this fact violated federal legislation.

Individually, Dapper Labs is preventing an ongoing class motion lawsuit during which plaintiffs allege that NBA High Shot Moments, NFTs bought by Dapper Labs, are unregistered securities. In February 2023, the federal decide presiding over the case declined to dismiss the swimsuit, writing that it’s ‘facially believable” that Moments are securities.

“We were never contacted by the SEC and as a result were unaware of this investigation,” mentioned a Dapper Labs spokesperson. “Irregardless, it appears that the SEC closed its case.”

From CryptoKitties to layoffs

In late 2017, Dapper Labs, led by cofounder and CEO Roham Gharegozlou, created CryptoKitties, a blockchain-based sport the place gamers create and commerce NFTs of cartoon cats. The “oh-so-adorable” creatures helped encourage the NFT craze and landed the startup blue-chip buyers, together with Andreessen Horowitz, Union Sq. Ventures, Google Ventures, amongst others.

Dapper Labs adopted up the success of CryptoKitties with High Shot, an NBA-endorsed market the place customers can purchase, as NFTs, video highlights from their favourite basketball gamers. The idea, akin to a digital model of a buying and selling card sport, was quickly a hit, and month-to-month gross sales ballooned to greater than $226 million in February 2021, based on knowledge from CryptoSlam.

Vacuuming up increasingly enterprise capital, together with investments from NBA gamers themselves, Dapper Labs quickly struck offers with the NFL and LaLiga to create related merchandise. However, in 2022, the market collapsed, as the entire NFT gross sales quantity dropped from an all-time excessive of greater than $6 billion in January 2022 to a low of rather less than $300 million in September 2023, per CryptoSlam. High Shot volumes equally plummeted to a low of a little bit greater than $2 million in month-to-month gross sales quantity that very same month.

Dapper Labs quickly carried out layoff after layoff, and its most up-to-date public reduce got here in July 2023. Since then, the corporate has shrunk from about 200 workers to barely lower than 180, based on a spokesperson.


Following the collapse of the crypto alternate FTX, the SEC has steadily sued and investigated a collection of crypto corporations, together with TRON Foundation, Terraform Labs, Binance, Coinbase, Kraken, and now Uniswap. And settlements with Influence Principle and Stoner Cats within the second half of 2023 suggest that the regulator has begun to significantly scrutinize the NFT trade.

The company’s determination to shut its investigation into Dapper Labs, one of the crucial funded corporations out there, might point out a course correction. “It will surely provide some kind of comfort to participants in the NFT market,” Philip Moustakis, a securities lawyer at Seward & Kissel, advised Fortune.

He added, although, that “you can’t presume that all NFTs are safe. The SEC has already made the point that some transactions in NFTs could constitute securities transactions.”

Arthur Jakoby, a former SEC prosecutor who now focuses on securities litigation at Herrick, Feinstein LLP, cautioned towards studying an excessive amount of into the company’s closure of its investigation. “It doesn’t mean they’re not going to investigate them next year,” he mentioned. “It doesn’t mean that they think Dapper Labs hasn’t done something wrong. It doesn’t mean that they cleared Dapper Labs.” 

It additionally doesn’t imply the top of securities-related litigation for the onetime NFT big. The category-action lawsuit towards Dapper Labs, during which plaintiffs allege that NBA High Shot Moments are unregistered securities, continues to wind its manner via federal court docket. The decide presiding over the case ordered each events to finish depositions by June 17.